Abstract: The punishable actions which take place online create a multitude of legal problems due to both the complex operation of computers and the intricacies of the internet. It is precisely these problems that the Convention on Cybercrime, which is analysed in this article, attempts to resolve. However, at present the Convention has not been ratified by Greece.
The exponential evolution in the fields of information technology and computer science has led to a series of technological achievements bearing multiple consequences. On the one hand they facilitate many aspects of social life, but, on the other hand, they provide the necessary prerequisites for the emergence of a novel form of criminal activity. A variety of terms are used to describe this new form of crime,1 such as electronic crime, IT crime, cybercrime, crime with computers, high-tech crime, etc.
The punishable actions described by these terms bring together a series of unique attributes due to their direct relationship with technical issues: the media for the dispersion and exchange of information, in most instances the computer, which often constitute either the medium or target of the criminal activity, function complicatedly. Consequently, crimes associated with Information Technology often cause discomfiture to those from the legal world who seek to confront them, as they require, at a minimum, an elemental familiarity with Information Technology, on the part of the legal analyst.